Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

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Annex B: Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Units


ADB Asian Development Bank
AEZ Agro-Ecological Zone
AGWP Absolute Global Warming Potential
AIJ Activities Implemented Jointly
ARD Afforestation, Reforestation, and Deforestation
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
BAU Business-as-Usual
CBD U.N. Convention on Biological Diversity
CBL Convective Boundary Layer
CD U.N. Convention to Combat Desertification
CDM Clean Development Mechanism
C-eq Carbon-Equivalent
CER Certified Emissions Reduction
CIFOR Center for International Forestry Research
COP Conference of Parties
CPC Canopy (or crown) Projected Cover
CRP Conservation Reserve Program
DHI Direct Human-Induced
DOC Dissolved Organic Carbon
DOM Dissolved Organic Matter
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
ERU Emissions Reduction Unit
ESA European Space Agency
EU European Union
FACE Free Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment; Forests Absorbing CO2 Emissions
  (The Netherlands)
FAO U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
FCCC Framework Convention on Climate Change
FFES Fossil-Free Energy Scenario
FPC Foliage Projected Cover
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
GCM General Circulation Model
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GHGs Greenhouse Gases
GIS Geographic Information Systems
GLASOD Global Assessment of Soil Degradation
GPG Good Practice Guidelines
GPP Gross Primary Productivity
GPS Global Positioning System
GWP Global Warming Potential
IEA International Energy Agency
IFF Intergovernmental Forum on Forests
IGBP-DIS International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Data and Information System
INPE Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (Brazil)
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISO International Standards Organization
IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
JI Joint Implementation
LAI Leaf Area Index
LUCF Land-Use Change and Forestry
LULUCF Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreements
MRG Modalities, Rules, and Guidelines
MRT Mean Residence Time
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NBP Net Biome Productivity
NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
NEE Net Ecosystem Exchange
NEP Net Ecosystem Productivity
NGO Nongovernmental Organization
NKCAP Noel Kempff Climate Action Project
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NOAA National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
NPP Net Primary Productivity
ODA Official Development Assistance
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
PAP Protected Areas Project (Costa Rica)
PCSD Philippine Council for Sustainable Development
PFP Private Forests Project (Costa Rica)
RA Autotrophic Respiration
RH Heterotrophic Respiration
RIL Reduced-Impact Logging
SAR Second Assessment Report; Synthetic Aperture Radar
SARD Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development
SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
SIC Soil Inorganic Carbon
SOC Soil Organic Carbon
SOM Soil Organic Matter
SR-LULUCF Special Report on Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry
TBFRA 2000 Temperate and Boreal Forest Resource Assessment 2000
TM Thematic Mapper
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nations
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
UNCSD United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
URF Uniform Reporting Format
USIJI U.S. Initiative for Joint Implementation
VCL Vegetation Canopy Lidar
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
WCFSD World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development
WOCAT World Overview of Soil Conservation Approaches and Technologies


SI (Systéme Internationale) Units

Physical Quantity Name of Unit Symbol

length meter m
mass kilogram kg
time second s
thermodynamic temperature kelvin K
amount of substance mole mol


Special Names and Symbols for Certain SI-Derived Units

Physical Quantity Name of SI Unit Symbol for SI Unit Definition of Unit

force newton N kg m s-2
pressure pascal Pa kg m-1 s-2 (= Nm-2)
energy joule J kg m2 s-2
power watt W kg m2 s-3 (= Js-1)
frequency hertz Hz s-1 (cycle per second)


Decimal Fractions and Multiples of SI Units Having Special Names

Physical Quantity Name of Unit Symbol for Unit Definition of Unit

length ĺngstrom Ĺ 10-10 m = 10-8cm
length micrometer µm 10-6m = µm
area hectare ha 104 m2
force dyne dyn 10-5 N
pressure bar bar 105 N m-2
pressure millibar mb 1hPa
weight ton t 103 kg

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