2.5. Sustainable Development Considerations
Article 2 of the Protocol calls on Annex I Parties to promote sustainable development
in the course of reducing emissions of GHGs; this provision applies to the implementation
and/or elaboration of policies and measures undertaken in LULUCF. Indeed, the
adoption potential of climate mitigation measures is likely to be enhanced-and
such measures therefore are more likely to meet their climate mitigation objectives-when
they are designed to meet the sustainable development needs of those affected
by the actions. Article 12 also explicitly identifies sustainable development,
along with the reduction of GHGs, as a central purpose and requirement of project
activities undertaken in non-Annex I countries through the CDM.5
This section provides information for policymakers about the sustainable development
implications of LULUCF policies, measures, and definitions. Key issues related
to sustainable development that the Parties may choose to consider include the
- What are the potential synergies and tradeoffs between climate mitigation
and other sustainable development objectives?
- What are the environmental and socioeconomic implications of different
types of activities under Article 3.3, potential additional LULUCF activities
under Article 3.4, and project activities under Articles 6 and 12?
- What approaches are available for assessing the sustainable development
impacts of LULUCF activities and projects?
- Do these approaches differ if the Parties choose to develop criteria
and indicators for assessing these impacts on a national rather than multi-national
- Do these approaches differ if the Parties design policies and measures
to be consistent with the objectives of other multilateral environmental
The first two issues are addressed at a broad level in Section
2.5.1. Specific impacts arising from Article 3.3 activities, potential Article
3.4 activities, and project activities are addressed in Chapters
3, 4, and 5, respectively. The
third issue-approaches for assessing sustainable impacts of LULUCF activities
and projects-is addressed in Section 2.5.2.