The Regional Impacts of Climate Change


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Table 6-4: Generalized land-cover types for South America, by country.

Closed Degraded Savanna
Country Trop Moist Forest Recently Degraded TMF Closed Forest Degraded Closed Forest Wood- lands Wood- lands Grass- lands Scrub- lands Desert, Bare Soil Water Snow, Rock, Ice Other

Argentina
1.2
0.0
96.8
0.0
645.4
15.2
755.4
1,126.8
37.9
34.0
Bolivia
323.5
12.7
409.2
24.6
345.1
102.2
87.7
91.0
16.5
11.0
Brazil
3,522.3
519.7
3,686.0
1,692.2
1,555.9
330.0
740.0
179.4
0.0
80.9
Chile
0.0
0.0
134.1
29.1
75.2
29.6
101.1
100.9
186.8
7.0
Colombia
581.6
5.4
622.5
11.4
116.3
14.5
255.5
64.0
0.0
3.1
Ecuador
115.5
1.7
121.0
1.7
33.7
4.3
41.9
16.5
2.5
0.6
French Guiana
78.8
0.0
79.8
2.4
0.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
Guyana
150.4
2.0
171.6
2.4
5.4
0.3
18.4
1.5
0.0
1.2
Paraguay
0.3
0.0
8.0
0.2
209.1
50.7
104.0
26.5
0.0
0.6
Peru
620.8
19.1
654.7
10.1
88.0
78.8
139.0
161.7
88.0
8.3
Suriname
136.0
2.5
128.5
10.0
0.5
0.3
1.2
0.4
0.0
1.1
Uruguay
0.0
0.0
2.1
0.0
0.9
0.0
154.1
11.0
0.0
3.0
Venezuela
370.1
0.2
415.5
0.0
33.9
40.2
243.3
109.2
0.0
11.4
Total
5,908.5
563.4
6,530.7
1,803.7
3,109.8
666.9
2,642.0
1,889.0
331.7
163.2

Notes: All values are given in 1,000s km2; there are 314,200 km2 unclassified; IMF includes tropical moist, semi-deciduous, and gallery forests; grasslands includes those seasonally flooded; closed forest includes TMF, montane forests, cool and temperate deciduous forest, and tropical seasonal forest; scrublands also include degraded savanna grasslands and agriculture; desert, bare soil includes salt marsh communities; and other includes wet vegetation and mangroves. Source: Stone et al., 1994.



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