The Regional Impacts of Climate Change

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Impact of ozone depletion on phytoplankton growth in the Southern Ocean: large-scale spatial and temporal variability. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 114, 1-12.

Baroni, C. and G. Orombelli, 1994:

Abandoned penguin rookeries as Holocene paleoclimatic indicators in Antarctica. Geology, 22, 23-26.

Berkman, P.A., 1994:

Epizoic zonation on growing scallop shells in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. J. Exper. Marine Biology and Ecology, 179, 49-67.

Brown, R.D. and P. Coté, 1992:

Interannual variability of landfast ice thickness in the Canadian High Arctic, 1950-1989. Arctic, 45, 273-284.

Chapman, W.L. and J.E. Walsh, 1993:

Recent variations of sea ice and air temperature in high latitudes. Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 74, 33-47.

Cuffey, K.M., G.D. Clow, R.B. Alley, M. Stuiver, E.D. Waddington, and R.W. Saltus, 1995:

Large Arctic temperature changes in the Wisconsin-Holocene glacial transition. Science, 270, 455-458.

Fedoulov, P.P., E. Murphy, and K.E. Shulgovsky, 1996:

Environment-krill relations in the South Georgia marine ecosystem. CCAMLR Science, 3, 13-30.

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Variability and climate sensitivity of landfast sea ice. J. Geophysical Research, 101(C10)25, 767-25, 777.

Fraser, W.R., W.Z. Trivelpiece, D.G. Ainley, and S.G. Trivelpiece, 1992:

Increases in Antarctic penguin populations: reduced competition with whales or a loss of sea ice due to environmental warming. Polar Biology, 11, 525-531.

Gordon, H.B. and S.P. O'Farrell, 1997:

Transient climate change in the CSIRO coupled model with dynamic sea ice. Monthly Weather Review, 25(5), 875-907.

Gunn, A., 1995:

Responses of arctic ungulates to climate change In: Human ecology and climate change. [Peterson, D.L. and D. R. Johnson (eds.)]. Taylor and Francis, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 90-104.

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Temperature, humidity, and precipitation variations in Argentina and the adjacent sub-Antarctic region during the present century. Meteorol. Zeitschrift, N.F. 6, 3-11.

IAATO, 1997:

Overview of Antarctic tourism activities: A summary of 1996-1998 and five year projection 1997- 2002. XXI ATCM/IP75, May 1997, Christchurch, New Zealand.

IPCC, 1996. Climate Change 1995:

The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment Report for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Houghton, J.J., L.G. Meiro Filho, B.A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg, and K. Maskell (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 572 pp.

Nicholls, N., G.V. Gruza, J. Jouzel, T.R. Karl, L.A. Ogallo, and D.E. Parker, Chapter 3. Observed Climate Variability and Change, pp. 133-192.

Kattenberg, A., F. Giorgi, H. Grassl, G.A. Meehl, J.F.B. Mitchell, R.J. Stouffer, T. Tokioka, A.J. Weaver, and T.M.L. Wigley, Chapter 6. Climate Models-Projections of Future Climate, pp. 289-357.

Warrick, R.A., C. Le Provost, M.F. Meier, J. Oerlemans, and P.L. Woodworth, Chapter 7. Changes in Sea Level, pp. 259-406.

Melillo, J.M., I.C. Prentice, G.D. Farquhar, E.-D. Schulze, and O.E. Sala, Chapter 9. Terrestrial Biotic Responses to Environmental Change and Feedbacks to Climate, pp. 445-482.

IPCC, 1996. Climate Change 1995:

Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Watson, R.T., M.C. Zinyowera, and R.H. Moss (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 880 pp.

Kirschbaum, M.U.F. and A. Fischlin, Chapter 1. Climate Change Impacts on Forests, pp. 95-130.

Allen-Diaz, B., Chapter 2. Rangelands in a Changing Climate: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation, pp. 131-158.

Noble, I.R. and H. Gitay. Chapter 3. Deserts in a Changing Climate: Impacts, pp. 159-170.

Beniston, M. and D.G. Fox, Chapter 5. Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Regions, pp. 191-214.

Öquist, M.G. and B.H. Svensson, Chapter 6. Non-Tidal Wetlands, pp. 215-240.

Fitzharris, B.B., Chapter 7. The Cryosphere: Changes and Their Impacts, pp. 241-266.

Ittekkot, V., Chapter 8. Oceans, pp. 267-288.

Arnell, N., B. Bates, H. Lang, J.J. Magnuson, and P. Mulholland, Chapter 10. Hydrology and Freshwater Ecology, pp. 325-364.

Moreno, R.A. and J. Skea, Chapter 11. Industry, Energy, and Transportation: Impacts and Adaptation, pp. 365-398.

Scott, M. J., Chapter 12. Human Settlements in a Changing Climate: Impacts and Adaptation, pp. 399-426.

Everett, J.T., Chapter 16. Fisheries, pp. 511-538.

Jacobs, S.S. and J.C. Comiso, 1993:

A recent sea-ice retreat west of the Antarctic Peninsula. Geophysical Research Letters, 20(12), 1171-74.

Jefferies, R.L., 1992:

Tundra grazing systems and climatic change. In: Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate an ecophysiological perspective [Chapin, F.S., R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver, J. Svoboda, and E.W. Chu (eds.)]. Academic Press Inc., New York, NY, USA, pp. 391-412.

Johnsen, S.J., D. Dahl-Jensen, W. Dansgaard, and N. Gundestrup, 1995:

Greenland palaeotemperatures derived from GRIP bore hole temperature and ice core isotope profiles. Tellus, 47B, 624-629.

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Southern Hemisphere surface air temperature variations: 1851-1984. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, 25, 1213-1230.

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Climate change and fluctuation of fishery resources in the North Pacific (written in Korean with English abstract). Ocean Policy Res., 10, 107-142.

King, J.C., 1994:

Recent climate variability in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula. Int. J. Climatol., 14, 357-369.

Koerner, F. and L. Lundgaard, 1995:

Glaciers and global warming. Geog. Phys. Quat., 49(3), 429-434.

Kuropat, P., 1984:

Foraging behavior of caribou on the calving ground in northWestern Alaska. M.S. Thesis, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, 95 pp.

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Exploitable marine ecosystems: their behavior & management. Fishing News Books, 321 pp.

Loeb, V. V. Siegel, O. Holm-Hansen, R. Hewitt, W. Fraser, W. Trivelpiece, and S. Trivelpiece, 1997:

Effects of sea-ice extent and krill or salp dominance on the Antarctic food web. Nature, 387, 897-900.

Maslin, M. and C. Tzedadakis, 1996:

Sultry last interglacial gets sudden chill. EOS Transactions, 77, 353-354.

McGillivray, D.G., T.A. Agnew, G.A. McKay, G.R. Pilkington, and M.C. Hill, 1993:

Impacts of climatic change on the Beaufort sea ice regime: implications for the Arctic petroleum industry. Climate Change Digest, 93-01, pp. 1-17.

McGuire, A.D., J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, and L.A. Joyce, 1995:

Equilibrium responses of soil carbon to climate change - empirical and process-based estimates. Journal of Biogeography, 22, 785-796.

McMinn, A., H. Heijnis, and D. Hogson, 1994:

Minimal effects of UVB radiation in Antarctic diatoms over the past 20 years. Nature, 370, 547-549.

Mills, P.F., 1994:

The agricultural potential of NorthWestern Canada and Alaska and the impact of climatic change. Arctic, 47(2), 115-123.

Myneni, R.B., C.D. Keeling, C.J. Tucker, G. Asrar, and R.R. Nemani, 1997:

Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991. Nature, 386, 698-702.

Nicholls, K.W., 1997:

Predicted reduction in basal melt rates of an Antarctic ice shelf in a warmer climate. Nature, 388, 460-461.

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Recent change of Arctic tundra ecosystems from a net carbon dioxide sink to a source. Nature, 361(6412), 520-523.

Ramsden, D. and G. Fleming, 1995:

Use of a coupled ice-ocean model to investigate the sensitivity of the Arctic ice cover to doubling atmospheric CO2. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C4), 6817-6828.

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Variations in Surface Air Temperature Part 3: The Antarctic, 1957-82. Monthly Weather Review, 112, 1342-1353.

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Rapid collapse of northern Larsen Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Science, 271, 788-792.

Schimel, D.S., B.H. Braswell, E.A. Holland, R. McKeown, D.S. Ojima, T.H. Painter, W.J. Parton, and A.R. Townsend, 1994:

Climatic, edaphic, and biotic controls over storage and turnover of carbon in soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycle, 8, 785-796.

SCOPE, 1996:

Effects of Increased Ultraviolet Radiation in the Arctic. IASC report #2. Oslo, Norway, 58 pp.

Sharratt, B.S., 1992:

Growing season trends in the Alaskan Climate Record. Arctic, 45(2), 124-127.

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Satellite imagery, a baseline for glacier variation study on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol., 21, 291-296.

Sugden, D., 1982:

Arctic and Antarctic: a modern geographical synthesis. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 472 pp.

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Factors affecting the behavior of tropospheric and atmospheric ozone in the European Arctic and in Antarctica. Report No. 10. Finnish Meteorological Institute Contributions, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland, 138 pp.

Taalas, P., J. Damski, A. Korpela, T. Koskela, E. Kyro, and G. Braathen, 1995:

Connections between atmospheric ozone, the climate system and ultraviolet-B radiation in the Arctic. In: Ozone as a climate gas, vol. 32 [Wang, W.C. and I.S.A. Isaksen (eds.)]. NATO ASI Series. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 411-426.

Taalas, P., J. Damski, E. Kyro, M. Ginzburg, and G. Talamoni, 1997:

The effect of stratospheric ozone variations on UV radiation and on tropospheric ozone at high latitudes. J. Geophys. Res. (in press).

UNEP, 1997:

Global Environment Outlook: An Overview. ISBN 92-807-1638-7, UNEP in collaboration with the Stockholm Environment Institute. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, 264 pp.

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Recent atmospheric warming and retreat of ice shelves on the Antarctic Peninsula. Nature, 379, 328-331.

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Sea ice and economic development in the Arctic Ocean: a glaciologist's experience. In: Arctic Technology and Economy. Present Situation and Problems, Future Issues. Bureau Veritas, Paris, France, pp. 1-23.

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Climate change, ozone and UV radiation. In: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program's Assessment Report. Oslo, Norway, (in press).


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