8.4.1 Barriers to Technology Transfer within Countries
There are barriers specific to the transport sector to the transfer of transport
technology within a country. The first is lack of suitable local companies with
the required technical skills and competence to supply technology components
and services suited to the detailed and precise requirements of major firms.
Also in countries where these capabilities exist, the number of such companies
is not large enough to encourage competition which can enhance quality of output
(UNCTAD, 1998). Another barrier is lack of technical, business and general information
within a country, which can lead to poor links between the different local stakeholders.
An organised local information network with necessary local data and inter-linkages
to external networks is needed for effective technology flows. Access to capital
by local companies to build or strengthen technical and other capacities can
be a financial barrier, especially if local financial institutions do not perceive
such need as a priority. An overriding barrier is the lack of political will
among the different government authorities to transfer technology within a country.