12.5 Technology Transfer between Countries
12.5.1 Technologies to be transferred
The categories of technologies likely to be involved in technology transfer
between countries are: a) silvicultural practices for high yields, b) genetic
stock for planting, c) practices for SFM and Protected-Area Management, d) monitoring
and verification of C flows in forestry projects, e) efficiency improvements,
f) modelling for projecting changes in carbon stock and forest area, g) fossil
fuel substitution techniques, h) agroforestry and i) industrial forest processing.
The flows of technologies among non-Annex I countries, as well as between Annex
I and non-Annex I countries are equally important. Technology transfer between
Annex I and tropical countries could include transfer of R&D infrastructure
and capacity, monitoring and verification systems, SFM principles and practices,
and efficient harvesting and processing technologies. Technology transfer between
the non-Annex I countries (particularly, tropical countries) is crucial as there
are many similarities in the their ecological and socio-economic conditions.
However, what is critical is that whenever technology is transferred between
two countries (often even within a country), it is very important to modify
and adopt the technology or the practice to the local conditions.