Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer

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Annex C

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ADB Asian Development Bank
ADT Average Daily Traffic
AfDB African Development Bank
AHWGTTC Ad Hoc Working Group on Technology Transfer and Co-Operation
AIC Appreciation Influence Control
AIJ Activities Implemented Jointly
ALGAS Asia Least Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy
APEC Asian Pacific Economic Council
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASEP ASEAN Environment Programme
ATCS Advanced Traffic Control Systems
AWDN Automated Weather Data Network
BA Beneficiary Assessment
BOO Build-Own-Operate
BOOT Build-Own-Operate-Transfer
BOT Build-Operate-Transfer
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CDM Clean Development Mechanism
CEC Commission of the European Communities
CEIT Countries with economies in transition
CEO Chief Executive Officer
CEPA Commonwealth Environment Protection Agency
CER Certified Emission Reductions
CFLs Compact Fluorescent Lamps
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CIF Carbon Investment Fund
CIMEP Community Involvement in Management of Environmental Pollution
CNG Compressed Natural Gas
CoP Conference of the Parties
CPACC Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change
CRS Creditor Reporting System
CS Climate Safe
CTI Climate Technology Initiative
CTIC Conservation Technology Information Center
DAC Development Assistance Committee
DC Developing Countries
DSM Demand Side Management
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECAs Export Credit Agencies
EIE Environmental Impact Evaluations
EIT Economies In Transition
EMS Environmental Management System
ERMA Environmental Risk Management Authority
ERUs Emission Reduction Credits
ESCOs Energy Service Companies
EST Environmentally Sound Technologies
EU European Union
FAO UN Food and Agriculture Organization
FCCC UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FPEI Foreign Portfolio Equity Investment
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
GA Gender Analysis
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GCM General Circulation Model
GDP Gross Domestic Product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEMS Global Environmental Monitoring System
GHG Greenhouse Gas
GIS Geographical Information Systems
GL Green Lights
GLOSS Global Sea Level Observing System
GM General Motors
GNP Gross National Product
GREENTIE Greenhouse Gas Technology-Information Exchange
Global Remedy for the Environment and Energy Use - Information Exchange
Greentie Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange
GS/OAS General Secretariat/Organization of American States
GTZ Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit
GWh Gigawatt-hours
GWP Global Warming Potential
HT Hydrocarbon Technology
IACCA Interagency Committee for the Climate Agenda
IARCs International Agricultural Research Centers
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ICLEI International Council for Local Environmental Initiative
ICRAF International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
IDA International Development Association
IDB Inter-American Development Bank
IEA International Energy Agency
IET International Emissions Trading
IFC International Finance Corporation
ILO International Labour Organisation
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPMVP International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol
IPRs Intellectual Property Rights
IRR Internal Rate of Return
ISEE Information Service on Energy Efficiency
ISO International Standards Organization
JI Joint Implementation
JV Joint Ventures
LEAP Long-Range Energy Alternative Planning model
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas
LPG Liquefied Petroleum Gas
M&A Mergers & Acquisitions
MDB Multilateral Development Bank
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreements
MF Multilateral Fund
MNC Multinational Corporations
MOP Meeting of the Parties
MOU Memorandum of Understanding
MT Motorized Transport
MVA Manufacturing Value Added
MW Mega Watt
NARSs National Agricultural Research Systems
NFFO Non Fossil Fuel Obligation (UK)
NFIP National Flood Insurance Program
NGO Non Governmental Organization
NIC Newly Industrialising Countries
NICUs National Implementation Co-ordinating Units
NMT Non-Motorized Transport
NOUs National Ozone Units
NSI National Systems of Innovation
OA Official Aid
OAS Organization of American States
ODA Official Development Assistance
ODP Ozone Depletion Potential
ODS Ozone Depleting Substances
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
PAOs Proportional Abatement Obligations
PEI Portfolio Equity Investment
PELP Poland Efficient Lighting Project
PICCAP Pacific Islands Climate Change Assistance Programme
PPMs Policies, Programs and Measures
PRA Participatory Rural Appraisal
PV Photovoltaic
R&D Research and Development
RD&D Research, Development and Demonstration
REEF Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Projects
RETs Renewable Energy Technologies
RIL Reduced Impact Logging
RTD Research and Technology Development
SADC Southern African Development Community
SAR Second Assessment Report
SAVE Specific Actions for Vigorous Energy Efficiency
SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice
SFM Sustainable Forest Management
SHS Solar Home System
SIS Small Island States
SME Small and Medium Sized Enterprise
SMPs Shoreline Management Plans
SPM Summary for Policymakers
TAP Technology Assessment Panel
TCAPP Technology Cooperation Agreement Pilot Project (US)
TEPs Tradable Emission Permits
TNC Transnational Corporations
TP Technical Paper
TP Technology Partnership
TRIP Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
TT Technology Transfer
UN United Nations
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
UNCHS-Habitat United Nations Centre for Human Settlements
UNCSD United Nations Commission for Sustainable Development
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDESA United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
VA Voluntary Agreement
WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development
WCHE World Commission on Health and the Environment
WCMC World Conservation and Monitoring Centre
WEC World Energy Council
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
Wp Watt Peak
WRI World Resources Institute
WTO World Trade Organization

Chemical Symbols

C2F6 Perfluoroethane
CF4 Perfluoromethane
CFC Chlorofluorocarbon
CH4 Methane
CO Carbon monoxide
CO2 Carbon dioxide
HCFC Hydrochlorofluorocarbon
HFC Hydrofluorocarbon
N2O Nitrous oxide
NMVOCs Nonmethane volatile organic compounds
NOx Nitrogen oxides
O3 Ozone
Pb Lead
PFC Perfluorocarbon
PM Particulate matter
SF6 Sulfur hexafluoride
SO2 Sulfur dioxide
SOx Sulfur oxides
VOC Volatile organic compound

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