1.2 What do we mean by technology transfer?
The Report defines the term "technology transfer" as a broad set
of processes covering the flows of know-how, experience and equipment for mitigating
and adapting to climate change amongst different stakeholders such as governments,
private sector entities, financial institutions, NGOs and research/education
institutions. Therefore, the treatment of technology transfer in this Report
is much broader than that in the UNFCCC or of any particular Article of that
Convention. The broad and inclusive term "transfer" encompasses diffusion
of technologies and technology co-operation across and within countries. It
covers technology transfer processes between developed countries, developing
countries and countries with economies in transition, amongst developed countries,
amongst developing countries and amongst countries with economies in transition.
It comprises the process of learning to understand, utilise and replicate the
technology, including the capacity to choose and adapt to local conditions and
integrate it with indigenous technologies.
The Report generally makes a distinction between developed and developing countries.
Although economies in transition are included as developed countries in the
UNFCCC they may have characteristics in common with both developed and developing