Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

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Annex C: Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Units


AAIW Antarctic Intermediate Water
ACACIA A Concerted Action Towards A Comprehensive Climate Impacts and Adaptations Assessment for the European Union
ADB Asian Development Bank
AGBM Ad Hoc Group on the Berline Mandate
A-O atmosphere-ocean
APSIM Agricultural Production Systems Simulator Model
ARMCANZ Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand
ART alternative risk transfer
BAPMoN Background Atmospheric Pollution Monitoring Network
BP before the present
CALM Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring
CAP Common Agricultural Policy
CBA cost-benefit analysis
CBAA cost-benefit absent adaptation
CBWAF cost-benefit with adaptation foresight
CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CCC Canadian Centre for Climate Prediction and Analysis
CCSI Climate Change Sustainability Index
CCSR Center for Climate System Research

CDM CDM Clean Development Mechanism
CDS Conventional Development Scenario
CEA cost-effectiveness analysis
CEE central and eastern Europe
CEI Climate Extremes Index
CFC chlorofluorocarbon
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
COAG Council of Australian Governments
CPACC Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Global Climate Change
CPU catch per unit
CPUE catch per unit effort
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia)
CV compensated variation
CVM contingent valuation method
DA decision analysis
DAF decision analytic framework
DALY disability-adjusted life year
DDC Data Distribution Centre
DES dietary energy supply
DOC dissolved organic carbon
DSE development, sustainability, and equity
DTR diurnal temperature range
DWR Department of Water Resources
EAC East Australian Current
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
EEE eastern equine encephalitis
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EIA environmental impact assessment
EIP extrinsic incubation period
ELA equilibrium line altitude
ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation
EPIC Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator
EU European Union
EV equivalent variation
FACE Free-Air CO2 Enrichment
FAIR Fair Access to Insurance Requirements
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FAR First Assessment Report
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEWS NET Famine Early Warning System Network
GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program
GBR Great Barrier Reef
GCM general circulation model
GDP gross domestic product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment
GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
GHG greenhouse gas
GIS Geographic Information System
GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies
GLASOD Global Assessment of Human-Induced Soil Degradation
GLSLB Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Basin Project
GNP gross national product
GPP gross primary productivity
GTNet-P Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost
HAPEX Hydrologic Atmosphere Pilot Experiment
HDI human development index
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HMGP Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
HPS hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
HRI heat-related injury or illness
IAI Inter-American Institute for Global Change
IAM integrated assessment model
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Seas
ICLEI International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives
ICZM integrated coastal zone management
ICM integrated coastal management
IDNDR International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
IFRC-RCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IHDP International Human Dimensions Programme
IMAGE Integrated Model to Assess the Greenhouse Effect
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISEW Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare
ITCZ Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone
IWRM integrated water resources management
JE Japanese encephalitis
JI joint implementation

JJA June, July, August
JUA Joint Underwriting Association
LAC La Crosse encephalitis
LCC land-cover change
LGM last glacial maximum
LHB large-area herbivore biomass
LUC land-use change
MAP mean annual precipitation
MBIS Mackenzie Basin Impact Study
MEI morphoedaphic index
MPI Max-Planck Institute
MSF Médecins sans Frontières
MSY maximum sustainable yield
MSX multinucleated spore unknown
MVE Murray Valley encephalitis
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAO North Atlantic Oscillation
NAST National Assessment Synthesis Team
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBP net biome productivity
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
NEP net ecosystem productivity
NGO nongovernmental organization
NH Northern Hemisphere
NIES National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
NIWA New Zealand Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research
NPDO North Pacific Decadal Oscillation
NPP net primary productivity
NWFP non-wood forest products
NSW New South Wales
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OMVS Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve Senegal
PACIS Pan-American Climate Information and Applications System
PAN peroxyacetyl nitrate
P/C property-casualty
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation
PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index
PE policy exercise
PET potential evapotranspiration
PG protection guaranteed
PML probable maximum loss
PPP purchasing power parity
PQLI physical quality of life index
P-S-I-R pressure-state-impact-responses
PSMSL Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level
PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder
RA risk assessment
RCM regional climate model
R&D research and development
REWU Regional Early Warning Unit
RICC Regional Impacts of Climate Change
RMA Resource Management Act (New Zealand)
RVF Rift Valley fever
SADC Southern Africa Development Community
SAMW sub-Antarctic mode water

SAP structural adjustment program
SAR Second Assessment Report
SARP Simulation and System Analysis for Rice Production
SCS strategic cyclical scaling
SHV snowshoe hare virus

SICA Central American Integration System
SLE St. Louis encephalitis
SO Southern Oscillation
SOC soil organic carbon
SOI Southern Oscillation Index
SOM soil organic matter
SPC Secretariat of the Pacific Community
SPCZ Southern Pacific Convergence Zone
SPREP South Pacific Regional Environment Programme
SRB Senegal River basin
SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios
SSA sub-Saharan Africa
SST sea-surface temperature
SWRCB State Water Resource Control Board
TAR Third Assessment Report
TBE tick-borne encephalitis
TEM Terrestrial Ecosystem Model
THC thermohaline circulation
TNR Toronto-Niagara Region Study
UKCIP United Kingdom Climate Impacts Programme
UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office
UN United Nations
UNCCD UN Convention to Combat Desertification
UNCED UN Conference on Environment and Development
UNCHS UN Center for Human Settlements
UNCSD UN Commission for Sustainable Development
UNDP UN Development Programme
UNEP UN Environmental Programme
UNFCCC UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
UN-OCHA UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
UV ultraviolet
V&A vulnerability and adaptation
VAM Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping
VBD vector-borne disease
VEE Venezuelan equine encephalitis
VC vectorial capacity
VOC volatile organic carbon

VRA Volta River Authority
WAIS West Antarctic ice sheet

WAP western Antarctic peninsula
WCED World Commission on Environment and Development
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WEE western equine encephalitis
WFP World Food Program
WGI Working Group I
WGII Working Group II
WGIII Working Group III
WHO World Health Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WN West Nile
WTA willingness to accept payment
WTP willingness to pay
WUE water-use efficiency



SI (Systéme Internationale) Units
Physical Quantity Name of Unit Symbol
thermodynamic temperature
amount of substance


Special Names and Symbols for Certain SI-Derived Units
Physical Quantity Name of SI Unit Symbol for SI Unit Definition of Unit
kg m s-2
kg m-1 s-2 (= Nm-2)
kg m2 s-2
kg m2 s-3 (= Js-1)
s-1 (cycle per second)


Decimal Fractions and Multiples of SI Units Having Special Names
Physical Quantity Name of Unit Symbol for Unit Definition of Unit
10-10 m = 10-8cm
10-6m = µm
104 m2
10-5 N
105 N m-2
103 kg


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