10.7.4.2 Glaciers and Ice Caps
Steady-state projections for G&IC require a model that evolves their area-altitude distribution (see, e.g., Section 10.6.3.3). Little information is available on this. A comparative study including seven GCM simulations at 2 × CO2 conditions inferred that many glaciers may disappear completely due to an increase of the equilibrium line altitude (Bradley et al., 2004), but even in a warmer climate, some glacier volume may persist at high altitude. With a geographically uniform warming relative to 1900 of 4°C maintained after 2100, about 60% of G&IC volume would vanish by 2200 and practically all by 3000 (Raper and Braithwaite, 2006). Nonetheless, this commitment to sea level rise is relatively small (<1 m; Table 4.4) compared with those from thermal expansion and ice sheets.