IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

Appendix IV: Acronyms

[CO2] Concentration of carbon dioxide 
AAO  Antarctic Oscillation 
ABM Agent-based models
AC Air-conditioning
ACIAArctic Climate Impact Assessment
AEJAfrican Easterly Jet
AEZAgro-ecological zone
AGCM  Atmospheric General Circulation Model 
AGOAustralian Greenhouse Office
AIACC  Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change in Multiple Regions and Sectors 
AIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AOArctic Oscillation
AOGCM  Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model 
APF Adaptation Policy Framework
AR4  Fourth Assessment Report 
AVHRR  Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer 
BAUBusiness-as-usual scenario
BSATs Brazilian semi-arid tropics
CAA Canadian Arctic archipelago
CAPRADE Comité Andino para la Prevención y Atención de Desastres (Andean Committee for Disaster Prevention and Assistance)
CBACost-benefit analysis
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
CC Climate change
CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CCD(United Nations) Convention to Combat Desertification
CCIAVClimate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability
CCN  Cloud condensation nuclei 
CDFConditional damage function
CDMClean Development Mechanism
CEE Central and Eastern Europe
CFP Common Fisheries Policy
CGE Computable general equilibrium (model)

Center for International Earth Science Information Network

CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna 
CMAQ Community multiscale air quality (model)
COPConference of the Parties (to the UNFCCC)
CPPS Comisión Permanente del Pacífico Sur (Permanent Commission of the South Pacific)
CRIDCentro Regional de Información sobre Desastres (Regional Disaster Information Centre – Latin America and the Caribbean)
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DAC Development Assistance Committee
DAI Dangerous anthropogenic interference
DALYDisability adjusted life year
DDCData Distribution Centre (of the IPCC)
DefraDepartment for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (of the UK Government)
DGVMDynamic global vegetation model
DIC Dissolved inorganic carbon
DJF  December, January, February 
DMS Dimethyl sulphide
DOCDissolved organic carbon
DPSIR Drivers-pressures-state-impacts-response
DWC Dialogue on Water and Climate
ECCP European Climate Change Programme 
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
EF Ecological footprint
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment 
EMIC Earth-system model of intermediate complexity 
ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation
EPA Environmental Protection Agency 
EPOC  Environment Policy Committee 
EPPA Anthropogenic emission prediction and policy analysis
EPPA-HHLThe EPPA high-emissions scenario
EPPA-LLHThe EPPA low-emissions scenario 
EU European Union
EU15The 15 countries in the European Union before the expansion on 1 May 2004
EU25 The 25 countries in the European Union after the expansion on 1 May 2004, but prior to 1 January 2007 
EWS Early-warning systems
FACE Free-air carbon dioxide enrichment
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization 
FFF Food, fibre and forestry
FFFF Food, fibre, forestry and fishery
GBRGreat Barrier Reef
GCMGeneral Circulation Model 
GDP Gross domestic product
GEF Global Environment Facility
GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems
GHG Greenhouse gas(es)
GIMMS Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies
GIS Geographic information system
GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies
GLOF Glacial lake outburst flood
GMAT Global mean annual temperature
GMT Global mean temperature
GNP Gross national product
GPP Gross primary production
GPSGlobal Positioning System
GWP Global Water Partnership
HABs Harmful algal blooms
HANPP Human appropriation of net primary productivity 
HIVHuman immunodeficiency virus
HPS Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
HYV High-yield varieties
IAM Integrated assessment model 
IASInvasive alien species
ICLIPS Integrated Assessment of Climate Protection Strategies
ICM Integrated coastal management
ICZM Integrated coastal zone management
IFRCRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
IHDP International Human Dimensions Programme
IIASAInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
INAP Integrated National Pilot Adaptation Plan
IOCARIBE-GOOS Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Regional Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions Global Ocean Observing System
IOD Indian Ocean Dipole
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPO Inter-decadal Pacific Oscillation
IRRIInternational Rice Research Institute
ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone
ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization
IUCInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (World Conservation Union)

January, February, March

JJA June, July, August
LA Latin America
LAI Leaf-area index
LBA Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere (experiment)
LDC Less/Least Developed Countries
LGA Local government authority (Chapter 11)
LGM Last Glacial Maximum
LGP Length of growing period
LIA Little Ice Age
LPJ Lund-Potsdam-Jena (model)
LULUCF Land use, land-use change and forestry
M&E Monitoring and evaluation
MA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
MACC Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in the Caribbean
MAMJ March, April, May, June
MARA/ARMA Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa/Atlas du Risque de la Malaria en Afrique
MASL Metres above sea level
MDB Murray-Darling Basin 
MDGs Millennium Development Goals
MEA Multilateral environmental agreement
MER Market exchange rates
MJO Madden-Julian Oscillation
MOCMeridional overturning circulation
MTE Mediterranean-type ecosystems
NAH North Atlantic Sub-tropical High
NAO North Atlantic Oscillation
NAPA National Adaptation Programme of Action
NBP Net biome productivity
NC National Communication
NCAR PCM National Center for Atmospheric Research Parallel Climate Model
NDVI Normalised Difference Vegetation Index
NEP Net ecosystem productivity
NEPAD New Partnership for Africa’s Development 
NGO Non-governmental organisation
NHT Northern Hemisphere temperature
NPP Net primary productivity
NSW New South Wales
NT Northern Territory
NTFP Non-timber forest products
NWMP National Water Management Plan
NW New Zealand
ODAOfficial Development Assistance
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OND October, November, December
PAHO Pan-American Health Organization
PAL Pathfinder AVHRR Land
PDF Probability density function
PDI Power dissipation index
PDO Pacific Decadal Oscillation
PDSI Palmer Drought Severity Index
PEAC Pacific ENSO Applications Center
PFT Plant functional types
PIA Participatory integrated assessment
PI-GCOS Pacific Islands Global Climate Observing System 
P-IND Pre-industrial 
PM Particulate matter
ppb Parts per billion
ppmParts per million
PPPPurchasing power parity
PRA Participatory rural appraisal
Qld Queensland
RCMRegional Climate Model 
RRA Rapid rural appraisal
RSLR Relative sea-level rise
SACZ South Atlantic Convergence Zone
SAP Structural adjustment programme
SASStoryline and simulation
SBW Spruce bud worm
SCAPESoft Cliff and Platform Erosion (model)
SD Statistical downscaling
SDSM Statistical downscaling model
SEAFRAME Sea-level fine resolution acoustic measuring equipment
SIDS Small Island Developing States
SLRSea-level rise
SM Supplementary material 
SoCAB  South Coast Air Basin (California)
SON September, October, November
SPCZ South Pacific Convergence Zone
SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios
SST Sea surface temperature
SWESnow water equivalent
TAR Third Assessment Report (of the IPCC)
TBE Tick-borne encephalitis
TEJ Tropical Easterly Jet
TEK Traditional ecological knowledge
TGICA Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Analysis
THC Thermohaline circulation
TOGA Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere
TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment
TWA Tolerable windows approach
UHIUrban heat-island
UK United Kingdom
UKCIP United Kingdom Climate Impacts Programme
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
US United States (of America)
USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
UVR Ultraviolet radiation
VBD Vector-borne disease
VOC Volatile organic compound
WA Western Australia
WAIS West Antarctic ice sheet
WAMU West African Monetary Union
WBD Water-borne disease
WCRP World Climate Research Programme
WE Western Europe
WG Working Group (of the IPCC)
WHO World Health Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WNV West Nile virus
WTO World Trade Organization
WWWWorld Weather Watch