18.104.22.168 Tools for assessing adaptation needs and options
Since the TAR, many more tools have become available to support assessments of the need for adaptation and to identify appropriate interventions (Table 6.10).
Table 6.10. Selected tools that support coastal adaptation assessments and interventions.
|Description ||Selected examples |
|Indices of vulnerability to sea-level rise ||Thieler and Hammar-Klose, 2000; Kokot et al., 2004 |
|Integrated models and frameworks for knowledge management and adaptation assessment ||Warrick et al., 2005; Dinas-Coast Consortium, 2006; Schmidt-Thomé, 2006 |
|Geographic information systems for decision support ||Green and King, 2002; Bartlett and Smith, 2005 |
|Scenarios – a tool to facilitate thinking and deciding about the future ||DTI, 2002; Ledoux and Turner, 2002 |
|Community vulnerability assessment tool ||NOAA Coastal Services Center, 1999; Flak et al., 2002 |
|Flood simulator for flood and coastal defences and other responses ||Discovery Software, 2006; Box 6.2 |
|Estimating the socio-economic and environmental effects of disasters ||ECLAC, 2003 |
|ICZM process sustainability – a score card ||Milne et al., 2003 |
|Monetary economic valuation of the environment ||Ledoux et al., 2001; Ohno, 2001 |
|Evaluating and mapping return periods of extreme events ||Bernier et al., 2007 |
|Methods and tools to evaluate vulnerability and adaptation ||UNFCCC, 2005 |