IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change

Chapter 10: Waste management


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Status of the waste management sector

10.2.1 Waste generation

10.2.2 Wastewater generation

10.2.3 Development trends for waste and wastewater

10.3 Emission trends

10.3.1 Global overview

10.3.2 Landfill CH4: regional trends

10.3.3 Wastewater and human sewage CH4 and N2O: regional trends

10.3.4 CO2 from waste incineration

10.4 Mitigation of post-consumer emissions from waste

10.4.1 Waste management and GHG-mitigation technologies

10.4.2 CH4 management at landfills

10.4.3 Incineration and other thermal processes for waste-to-energy

10.4.4 Biological treatment including composting, anaerobic digestion, and MBT (Mechanical Biological Treatment)

10.4.5 Waste reduction, re-use and recycling

10.4.6 Wastewater and sludge treatment

10.4.7 Waste management and mitigation costs and potentials

10.4.8 Fluorinated gases: end-of-life issues, data and trends in the waste sector

10.4.9 Air quality issues: NMVOCs and combustion emissions

10.5 Policies and measures: waste management and climate

10.5.1 Reducing landfill CH4 emissions

10.5.2 Incineration and other thermal processes for waste-to-energy

10.5.3 Waste minimization, re-use and recycling

10.5.4 Policies and measures on fluorinated gases

10.5.5 Clean Development Mechanism/Joint Implementation

10.5.6 Non-climate policies affecting GHG emissions from waste

10.5.7 Co-benefits of GHG mitigation policies

10.6 Long-term considerations and sustainable development

10.6.1 Municipal solid waste management

10.6.2 Wastewater management

10.6.3 Adaptation, mitigation and sustainable development in the waste sector


Coordinating Lead Authors:

Jean Bogner (USA)

Lead Authors:

Mohammed Abdelrafie Ahmed (Sudan), Cristobal Diaz (Cuba), Andre Faaij (The Netherlands), Qingxian Gao (China),

Seiji Hashimoto (Japan), Katarina Mareckova (Slovakia), Riitta Pipatti (Finland), Tianzhu Zhang (China)

Contributing Authors:

Luis Diaz (USA), Peter Kjeldsen (Denmark), Suvi Monni (Finland)

Review Editors:

Robert Gregory (UK), R.T.M. Sutamihardja (Indonesia)

This chapter should be cited as:

Bogner, J., M. Abdelrafie Ahmed, C. Diaz, A. Faaij, Q. Gao, S. Hashimoto, K. Mareckova, R. Pipatti, T. Zhang, Waste Management, In Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.