13.3 International climate change agreements and other arrangements
The context of and reasons for an international agreement were relatively well covered in IPCC (2001). The authors of more recent reports cite the reasons presented in older publications for the necessity of agreements – namely, the global nature of the problem and the fact that no single country emits more than approximately 20% of global emissions. This situation means that successful solutions will need to engage multiple countries. Similarly, the fact that no one sector is responsible for more than about 25% of global emissions (the largest sector is that of electricity generation and heat production at 24% of the global, six-gas total; see Baumert et al., 2005a) implies that no single sector will be uniquely required to act.