IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change
Figure 3.38 Errata

Figure 3.38: Relationship between global mean equilibrium temperature change and stabilization concentration of greenhouse gases Errata using: (i) ‘best estimate’ climate sensitivity of 3°C (black), (ii) upper boundary of likely range of climate sensitivity of 4.5°C (red), (iii) lower boundary of likely range of climate sensitivity of 2°C (blue) (see also Table 3.9).


1. IPCC (2007a) finds that the climate sensitivity is likely to be in the range 2°C –4.5°C, with a ‘best estimate’ of about 3°C, very unlikely to be less than 1.5°C and values substantially higher than 4.5°C ‘cannot be excluded’ (IPCC (2007a, SPM).

2. The simple relationship Teq = T2xCO2 x ln([CO2]/280)/ln(2) is used (see Meehl et al. (2007), Section 10.7, and Table 10.8), with upper and lower values of T2xCO2 of 2 and 4.5°C.

3. Non-linearities in the feedbacks (including e.g. ice cover and carbon cycle) may cause time dependence of the effective climate sensitivity, as well as leading to larger uncertainties for greater warming levels. This likelihood level is consistent with the IPCC Working Group I assessment of climate sensitivity, see Note 1, and drawn from additional consideration of Box 10.2, Figure 2, in IPCC (2007a).