IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4)

Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability


Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, Eds.

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976 pp



Introduction to the Report

Summary for Policymakers

Technical Summary


Chapter 1: Assessment of Observed Changes and Responses in Natural and Managed Systems - [ Supplementary Material ]

Chapter 2: New Assesment Methods and the Characterisation of Future Conditions

Chapter 3: Fresh Water Resources and their Management

Chapter 4: Ecosystems, their Properties, Goods and Services

Chapter 5: Food, Fibre, and Forest Products

Chapter 6: Coastal Systems and Low-Lying Areas

Chapter 7: Industry, Settlement and Society

Chapter 8: Human Health

Chapter 9: Africa

Chapter 10: Asia

Chapter 11: Australia and New Zealand

Chapter 12: Europe

Chapter 13: Latin America

Chapter 14: North America

Chapter 15: Polar Regions (Arctic and Antarctic)

Chapter 16: Small Islands

Chapter 17: Assessment of Adaptation Practices, Options, Constraints and Capacity

Chapter 18: Inter-Relationships Between Adaptation and Mitigation -
[Supplementary Material ]

Chapter 19: Assessing Key Vulnerabilities and the Risk from Climate Change

Chapter 20: Perspectives on Climate Change and Sustainability


Cross-Chapter Case Studies


Appendices I-V: Glossary, Contributors, Reviewers, Acronyms, Permissions




Errata for Working Group II Fourth Assesment Report

(Last updated 15 April 2013)



Full Report (45MB)

Summary for Policymakers & Technical Summary 

Arabic - Chinese - French - Russian - Spanish

Statements on issues raised since the release of the AR4