IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change

Annex II

Abbreviations & Acronyms

ADB Asian Development Bank 
AIJ Activities Implemented Jointly 
ALM Africa, Latin America, Middle East Region (SRES and post-SRES scenarios) 
A/R Afforestation and Reforestation 
BAU Business As Usual 
BECS Bioenergy with CCS 
BOD Biochemical Oxygen Demand / Biological Oxygen Demand 
BRT Bus Rapid transport 
CAA Clean Air Act 
CAFÉ Corporate Average Fuel Economy 
CANZ Canada, Australia and New Zealand 
CBA Cost Benefit Analysis 
CCGT Combined Cycle Gas Turbine 
CCS Carbon Capture and Storage 
CDM Clean Development Mechanism 
CER Certified Emission Reduction 
CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons 
CFL Compact Fluorescent Lamp 
CGE Computable General Equilibrium 
CHP Combined Heat and Power 
CONCAWE European Oil Company Organisation for Environment, Health, and Safety  
COD Chemical Oxygen Demand 
COP Conference of the Parties / Coefficient of Performance 
CSD Commission for Sustainable Development 
CSP Concentrating Solar Power 
DAES Domestic Alternative Energy Sources 
DES Development, Equity and Sustainability 
DSM Demand Side Management 
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development 
EC European Commission 
EEA European Environmental Agency 
EECCA Countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia 
EIT Economy In Transition 
EMAS ECO-Management and Audit Scheme (EU) 
EMF Energy Modeling Forum (Stanford University) 
EPR Extended Producer Responsibility 
EPRI Electric Power Research Institute 
ESCO Energy Service Company 
ETS Emission Trading Scheme (EU) 
EU European Union 
FAO Food & Agriculture Organization 
FC Fuel Cell 
FCCC Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN) 
FDI Foreign Direct Investment 
FOB Free on Board 
FOD First-Order Decay 
GATT General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs 
GCM Global Climate Model 
GDP Gross Domestic Product 
GEF Global Environment Facility 
GHG Green House Gas 
GMT Global Mean Temperature 
GNP Gross National Product 
GPP Gross Primary Production 
GWP Global Warming Potential 
HDI Human Development Index 
HFC Hydrofluorocarbons 
HSS High Strength Steels 
HVAC Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning 
IA Integrated Assessment 
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency 
IAES Imported Alternative Energy Sources 
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization 
ICE Internal Combustion Engine 
IDP Integrated Design Process (for buildings) 
IEA International Energy Agency 
IET International Emission Trading 
IGO Intergovernmental Organization  
IIASA International Institute for Applied System Analysis 
IMO International Maritime Organization 
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 
ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification 
ISO International Standardization Organization 
IT Information Technology 
ITC Induced Technological Change 
ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor 
IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and natural resources 
Joule =Newton x meter (International Standard unit of energy) 
JI Joint Implementation 
JRC Joint Research Centre (EU) 
LCA Life Cycle Assessment 
LHV Lower Heating Value 
LNG Liquefied Natural Gas 
LPG Liquid Petroleum Gas 
MAC Marginal Abatement Cost 
MBT Mechanical Biological Treatment 
MDG Millennium Development Goals 
MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreements 
MOP Meeting Of the Parties (Kyoto Protocol) 
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement 
NEDC New European Driving Cycle 
NGO  Non-Governmental Organization 
NIC Newly Industrialized Country 
NMHC Non-Methane Hydro Carbon 
NMT Non-Motorised Transport 
NMVOC Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds 
O&M Operation and Maintenance 
ODA Official Development Assistance 
ODS Ozone Depleting Substances 
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development 
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 
PAYT Pay As You Throw 
PFC Perfluorocarbon 
ppm [ v / w ] parts per million [by volume / weight] 
PPP Purchasing Power Parity  
PV Photovoltaïc 
QELRCs Quantified Emission Limitation or Reduction Commitments 
RD&D  Research,Development and Demonstration 
SAR Second Assessment Report ( IPCC) 
SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice 
SCC Social Cost of Carbon 
SD Sustainable Development 
SMEs Small and Medium Enterprises 
SPM Summary for Policy Makers  
SRCCS Special Report on Carbon Capture and Storage (IPCC) 
SRES Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC) 
SRLULUCF Special Report on Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (IPCC) 
SROC Special Report on Ozone and Climate (IPCC) 
SRTT Special Report on methodological and technological issues in Technology Transfer (IPCC) 
TAR Third Assessment Report (IPCC) 
TPES Total Primary Energy Supply 
TWA Tolerable Windows Approach 
UK United Kingdom 
UN United Nations 
UNCED UN Conference on Environment and Development 
UNDP UN Development Programme 
UNEP UN Environment Programme 
UNFCCC UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 
USA United States of America 
VAT Value Added Tax 
VOC Volatile organic compound 
W  Watt = Joule/second (International Standard unit of power) 
WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development 
WCED World Commission on Environment and Development 
WEC World Energy Council 
WG I Working Group One of the IPCC 
WG II Working Group Two of the IPCC 
WG III Working Group Three of the IPCC 
WHO World Health Organization (UN) 
WTO World Trade Organization 
WWF World Wide Fund for nature