IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007
Climate Change 2007: Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change

Adaptation and mitigation

There can be synergies or trade-offs between policy options that can support adaptation and mitigation. The synergy potential is high for biomass energy options, land-use management and other land-management approaches. Synergies between mitigation and adaptation could provide a unique contribution to rural development, particularly in least-developed countries: many actions focusing on sustainable natural resource management could provide both significant adaptation benefits and mitigation benefits, mostly in the form of carbon sequestration. However, in other cases there may be trade-offs, such as the growth of energy crops that may affect food supply and forestry cover, thereby increasing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change (medium agreement, limited evidence) [11.9].