Figure 2.27 | Changes in ocean salinity. Estimates of salinity trends using a total least absolute differences fitting method for (a) global near-surface salinity (SSS) changes and (b) global zonal mean subsurface salinity changes. Black contours show the associated climatological mean salinity (either near-surface (a) or subsurface (b)) for the analysis period (1950–2019). Both panels represent changes in Practical Salinity Scale 1978 [PSS-78], per decade. In both panels green denotes freshening regions and orange/brown denotes regions with enhanced salinities (‘×’ marks denote non-significant changes). Further details on data sources and processing are available in the chapter data table (Table 2.SM.1).