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Figure 13.13 | Future vulnerability and risks for aquatic food production:

(a) vulnerability for fisheries in 105 coastal regions across 26 countries based on biological traits and physiological metrics of 556 resource populations (Payne et al., 2021);

(b) vulnerability of major aquaculture species in European countries on physiological attributes, farming methods and economic output (Peck et al., 2020);

(c,d) differences (%) between projected changes for 1.5°C and 4°C GWL (Peck et al., 2020), with (c) changes in abundance of major fish species by region, and (d) changes in productivity of major aquaculture species by country