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Figure 8.4: Co-benefits of urban mitigation actions. The first column lists urban mitigation options. The second column indicates synergies with the SDGs. The third column indicates both synergies and/or trade-offs. The dots represent confidence levels with the number of dots representing levels from low to high. In the last column, confidence levels for synergies and/or trade-offs are provided separately. A plus sign (+) represents synergy and a minus sign (–) represents a trade-off. Supplementary Material 8.SM.1 provides 64 references and extends the SDG mappings that are provided in Thacker et al. (2019) and Fuso Nerini et al. (2018). Please see Table 17.SM.1 for details and Annex II for the methodology of the SDG assessment.