Figure 2.23

Extra-tropical effects on precipitation due to deforestation in each of the three major tropical regions. Increasing (circles) and decreasing (triangles) precipitation result from complete deforestation of either Amazonia (red), Africa (yellow) or Southeast Asia (blue) as reviewed by Lawrence and Vandecar (2015). Boxes indicate the area where tropical forest was removed in each region. Numbers refer to the study the data were derived from (Avissar and Werth 2005; Gedney and Valdes 2000; Semazzi and Song 2001; Werth 2002; Mabuchi et al. 2005; Werth 2005)