Figure 2.4

Figure 2.4 | Glacier mass budgets for the eleven mountain regions assessed in this Chapter (Figure 2.1) and these regions combined. Mass budgets for the remaining polar regions are shown in Chapter 3, Figure 3.8. Regional time series of annual mass change are based on glaciological and geodetic balances (Zemp et al., 2019). Superimposed are multi-year averages by Wouters et al. (2019) based on the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), only shown for the regions with glacier area >3,000 km2. Estimates by Gardner et al. (2013) were used in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report (AR5). Additional regional estimates available in some regions and shown here are listed in Table 2.A.1. Annual and time-averaged mass-budget estimates include the errors reported in each study. Glacier areas (A) and volumes (V) are based on RGI Consortium (2017) and Farinotti et al. (2019), respectively. Red and blue bars on map refer to regional budgets averaged over the period 2006–2015 in units of kg m-2 yr-1 and mm sea level equivalent (SLE) yr-1, respectively, and are derived from each region’s available mass-balance estimates (Appendix 2.A).