Figure 3.4

The upper ocean (0–10 m) at end of this century (2081–2100), characterised by undersaturated conditions for aragonite across 90% confidence intervals (dark red to light red) for the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP)8.5 (a) and RCP2.6 (b) scenarios in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). Saturation states are averaged and confidence intervals calculated at each geographic location across the CNRM-CM5, HadGEM2-ES, GFDL-ESM2G, GFDL-ESM2G, IPSL-CM5-LR, IPSL-CM5-MR, MPI-LR, MPI-MR and NCAR-CESM1 models.