Figure CB9.2 | The storyline of risk for Low-Lying Islands and Coasts (LLIC). From left to right, this figure shows that ocean- and cryosphere-related changes (ocean acidification, ocean warming, sea level rise, etc.) will combine with anthropogenic drivers (population growth, settlement trends, socioeconomic inequalities, etc.) to explain impacts on various LLIC geographies (cities, islands, deltas, Arctic coasts). Depending on the combinations of responses (black dots; stylised representation of potential responses) along a continuum going from hard engineering to ecosystem-based approaches, and from securing current settings to relocation (light blue triangles), risks will increase or decrease in the coming decades. Some responses (black dots) will enhance either adaptation or maladaptation. SIDS is Small Island Developing States.