Aviation and the Global Atmosphere

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Kärcher, B., R. Busen, A. Petzold, F.P. Schröder, U. Schumann, and E.J. Jensen, 1998a: Physicochemistry of aircraft-generated liquid aerosols, soot, and ice particles. 2. Comparison with observations and sensitivity studies. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, 17129­17148.

Kärcher, B., F. Yu, F.P. Schröder, and R.P. Turco, 1998b: Ultrafine aerosol particles in aircraft plumes: analysis of growth mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 2793­2796.

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Konopka, P. and W. Vogelsberger, 1997: Köhler equation for finite systems: a simple estimation of possible condensation mechanisms in aircraft contrails. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 16057­16064.

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Lawson, R.P., A.J. Heymsfield, S.M. Aulenbach, and T.L. Jensen, 1998: Shapes, sizes and light scattering properties of ice crystals in cirrus and a persistent contrail during SUCCESS. Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 1331­1334.

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Mannstein, H., R. Meyer, and P. Wendling, 1999: Operational detection of contrails from NOAA-AVHRR-data. International Journal of Remote Sensing. (in press).

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Meerkötter, R., U. Schumann, D.R. Doelling, P. Minnis, T. Nakajima, and Y. Tsushima, 1999: Radiative forcing by contrails. Annales Geophysicae, (in press).

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Miake-Lye, R.C., R.C. Brown, M.R. Anderson, and C.E. Kolb, 1994: Calculation of condensation and chemistry in an aircraft contrail. In: Impact of Emissions from Aircraft and Spacecraft upon the Atmosphere [Schumann, U. and D. Wurzel (eds.)]. Proceedings of an international scientific colloquium, 18­20 April 1994, Cologne, Germany. DLR-Mitteilung 94-06, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen and Cologne, Germany, pp. 274­279.

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Minnis, P., J.K. Ayers, and S.P. Weaver, 1997: Surface-Based Observations of Contrail Occurrence Frequency Over the U.S., April 1993­April 1994. NASA Reference Publication 1404, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Hampton, VA, USA, 79 pp.

Minnis, P., D.F. Young, D.P. Garber, L. Nguyen, W.L. Smith, Jr., and R. Palikonda, 1998a: Transformation of contrails into cirrus during SUCCESS. Geophysical Research Letters, 25, 1157­1160.

Minnis, P., U. Schumann, D.R. Doelhing, J.K. Ayers, R. Palikonda, L. Nguyen, D.F. Young, and K.M. Gierens, 1998b: Contrails: another factor in climate change? Science, (under revision).

Minnis, P., D.P. Garber, D.F. Young, R.F. Arduini, and Y. Takano, 1998c: Parameterizations of reflectance and effective emittance for satellite remote sensing of cloud properties. Journal of Atmospheric Science, 55, 3313­3339.

Minnis, P., U. Schumann, D.R. Doelling, K.M. Gierens, and D.W. Fahey, 1999: Global distribution of contrail radiative forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, (in press).

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